What are the long term consequences of a concussion?

Any concussion is a short term disruption in brain functionality which comes after an impact to the brain. Concussions are frequent in contact sports and the issue of concussion in sport is a large hot public health challenge lately. They may follow any kind of head trauma, not only in sports activities. The leading symptoms of a concussion include headaches, queasiness, vomiting, lightheadedness, slurred speech, a short-term forgetfulness (notably with the activities leading to the concussion) as well as the lack of concentration. Just about 10% of concussions lead to a loss of consciousness. Many of people who have a concussion recuperate fairly rapidly with many recuperating in several days to a couple of weeks. Roughly 10% of people who have a concussion can experience lingering signs and symptoms for months and infrequently, many years. Once the signs of the concussion remain after three months, then they could be diagnosed as having continual post-concussion symptoms. The actual seriousness of concussions has led the WHO to identify concussion as being a critical public health issue.

Previous information on the management of a concussion has been total rest, but this has changed in recent times. Complete rest during the day following the concussion continues to be encouraged, however it is now suggested that low level exercise is carried out over the next days. This could include things like going for walks, easy running or an exercise bike. Gentle mental stimulation (such as work or study) is also suggested over the subsequent week. Even though those that have a concussion recuperate at different rates, the volume of both mental and physical tasks needs to be gradually improved and become carefully guided by the recovery rate.

Lingering post-concussion signs and symptoms can differ greatly in between individuals but usually the signs and symptoms include things like head aches, light or sound sensitivity, stability problems, sleep disorder, depression and anxiety. Low energy, both mental and physical, is very common in individuals with the prolonged post-concussion problems, and this may have a sizeable influence on total well being.

A lot more is understood regarding the immediate and short-term handling of concussion however less is known in regards to the management of the long-term problems. Successful management of the persistent signs and symptoms involves early on psychological assistance. Apart from the psychological guidance that has been shown to be beneficial there is no definitive strategy for the long term implications of concussion. The signs and symptoms of each person will be handled as they arise and attended to by the treating clinician as every individual would manifest a different group of features. Medicine may be required for your headache symptoms. Physical rehabilitation may be needed to help you deal with the balance problems. Mild working out is suggested to be able to assist the fatigue and conditioning. There is not any prescription medication that is available to assist the cognitive and memory problems, so cognitive and behavioural treatments coming from a psychologist is frequently used. Therapy and medicine could be used to assist the anxiety and depression complications. Moderate exercising aerobically has been proven to be important to assist in the rehabilitation in those long-term difficulties. Generally there could also be mental health impacts about the spouse and family around the individual who has the concussion and these may need to be dealt with when necessary.

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